The use of mobile Internet is increasing at a rapid pace all around the globe.  Google wasn’t too thrilled about how long it was taking for webpages to load on iPhones and Android smartphones. This slowness is caused by mobile websites having images that are too large, scripts that run before the content is loaded and a slew of other issues.   So, to solve this issue Google created the “Accelerated Mobile Pages” project, or AMP, to fix this. 

What is Accelerated Mobile Pages?

It is an open source framework based on html, to create fast loading pages for mobile users.  It’s good to optimize your pages for mobile users.  

what is AMP

Features of AMP

  • Smart Content Prioritization
    • Prefetching the elements
    • No relayout
    • Asynchronous loading
  • Responsive Design
    • Always get best images for your screen(layout=responsive)
  • Limited Design
    • No custom JavaScript except in amp-iframe
    • No scrolling elements
    • Max 50kb inline stylesheet

Framework Components

AMP framework components
  • AMP-Html

Some of html tags doesn’t supported by Accelerated Mobile Pages. So, that is replaced by custom html tags are defined here.

  • AMP-JavaScript Library

Main function is resource loading and fast rendering of pages.

  • AMPCache

 It is a cache of valid AMP documents published on the web available for anyone to use.   Google products, including Google Search, serve valid documents and their resources from the cache to provide a fast user experience across the mobile web.

google amp cache

Steps to Add AMP Plugin for WordPress

1 : On your WordPress admin area – add new plugin.

2 : Install and activate AMP plugin for your site.

3 : You can customize your AMP by its appearance. Else by adding Yoast SEO & AMP you can customize more things.

Steps for Adding AMP to html sites

1. Include AMP symbol within the HTML tag.

2. Add canonical tag.

3. Include AMP library file.

4. Specify a viewport.

5. CSS validation.

6. Adding boiler plate code.

7. Replace <img> with <amp-img>

8. Linking from original document

9. AMP page validation

sample document

STEP 1:

 First  Create a ditto page in of html page which we converting.

example: article-amp1.html  

Adding Amp symbol to html page

Add the attribute  to the <html> tag in the head section.

STEP 2:

Add Canonical Tag  

Every document must posses a link referencing to its ‘canonical version’ of that original document.  We must provide the absolute URL of original HTML page.  Then the tag must be included in head section.

canonical tag adding to html page

STEP 3:

Include java script library file on head section  

It can help us to figure out, what all we need to fix.  Its always same for every files.

Example: <script async src=”https://cdn.ampproject.org/v0.js”></script>

adding js library to html page

STEP 4 :

SPECIFY A VIEWPORT

 Requires  definitions for width and minimum-scale for the viewport.  Viewport is a common tag used in head section. This is a common code.

  example: <meta name=”viewport” content=”width=device-  width,minimum-scale=1,initial-scale=1“ />

Adding viewport

STEP 5 :

CSS VALIDATION  

  • In amp page we cannot include external stylesheet.
  •  Reduce the size of  stylesheet.css file to 50 KB.
  •  Embed the style sheet within  <style amp-custom></style> tag as inline styles.
inline css adding

Example: <style amp-custom>               

/* The content from stylesheet.css */               

</style>

STEP 6 :

Adding BOILER PLATE  Code

Add the AMP-boilerplate code to the bottom of the <head> tag.  Boilerplate helps to hide the content of body section until the JavaScript library is loaded. This is also common code.

amp boiler plate code

STEP 7 :

REPLACE <IMG> WITH <AMP-IMG>

  •  It is a designed special web component to replace the <img> tag with <amp-img> tag and added to the body section of the HTML page.
  • We need to define the width, height and layout for <amp-img> elements.
  •  Attribute layout =”responsive” is provided to inform that our image can be scaled and resize.

example:<amp-img src=”mountains.jpg” layout=”responsive” width=”266″ height=”150″></amp-img>

STEP 8 :

LINK ORIGINAL PAGE CONTENT    

  • This is achieved by including a <link rel=”amphtml”> tag to the <head> section of the original non-AMP HTML page.  
  • Both versions have generally the same content, but have different presentations.  So we should treat the traditional HTML pages as the “canonical” pages.  
linking AMP to html content
Sample document after optimization
amp-html sample document

STEP 9 :

PAGE VALIDATION

 This is the last step in optimization.  Here we validate our page created in google validator tool to check whether it is optimized or not.

AMP validation

Conclusion

 As the users are shifting to mobile, if you are not on mobile you are losing visitors. Check your site mobile friendliness and get ready for mobiles first index.

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